The houses for Olga Baeta (1956-57) and Rubens de Mendonça (1958- 59) belong to the second phase of the work of João Vilanova Artigas (1915-1985), the most important modernist architect of São Paulo. They were done at a particularly active moment in Brazil’s history, a time that saw the competition for and the construction of the new capital, Brasilia. The country was experiencing an intense phase of democracy under the guidance of Juscelino Kubitschek (1902-1976), president from 1956 to 1961. It was, however, a contradictory democracy in that the Communist Party continued to be outlawed, a status to which it had been relegated in 1947 by a Superior Electoral Court decision, under the accusation of being an instrument of Soviet domination. In terms of architecture, there was an intense, ongoing debate about how the profession might best contribute to the social transformation of the country.
Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion, São Paulo, by Oscar Niemeyer via architectuul
Since the 4th edition in 1957, the São Paulo Biennial takes place at the Pavilhão Ciccillo Matarazzo in the Parque do Ibirapuera. The pavilion was designed by a team lead by Oscar Niemeyer and Hélio Uchôa, and named after Francisco (Ciccillo) Matarazzo Sobrinho (1898-1977), the Biennial’s founder. The three-storey building provides an exhibition space of 30,000 sqm.
i think this is one of the most beautiful houses i have seen. simple and basic but with its use of space that divides the activities, garage and kitchen together, atrium with dinning that connects this with the living and this double height space that lets the air flow. then with the bedrooms as a block above the open living space below to the garden… simply beautiful
Brazilian architecture studio MK27, lead by Marcio Kogan, has recently completed a minimal single family house in Porto Feliz, Brazil. A large rectangular volume, the house develops over one single floor, harbouring four bedrooms, a generously proportioned communal open space, a gym and an outdoor pool. A solid concrete shell extends around the central void of the living area. Wide glass-clad walls allow the space to be experienced and lived as a direct continuation of the garden. Meanwhile, two wooden volumes shield the house’s private areas. The house is fully surrounded by a terrace, which connects the outdoor pool to the living spaces, inciting residents to live the interior and exterior spaces as one.
today has died one of my heros, not only is he a hero because of his amazing architecture but he was my hero to keep on creating till he was 104 years old. one of my dreams is to go to brazilia to see the work of oscar niemeyer, but i wish i could have seen it like in these amazing photos my marcel gautherot of brazilia under construction in 1956 via plataforma urbana
the yanomami live in large, circular, communal houses called yanos or shabonos. Some can house up to 400 people. the central area is used for activities such as rituals, feasts and games. each family has its own hearth where food is prepared and cooked during the day. at night, hammocks are slung near the fire which is stoked all night to keep people warm. text : survivalinternational photos : suntilitas